The history of medieval Eurasia and the interaction of the Turko-Mongolian steppe peoples with the neighboring sedentary states (Rus', Byzantium, the Caucasus, and the Islamic world). Ethnogenesis. Turkic philology.
History of Islamnic Civilization
The History of Iran
History of the Modern Middle East
Problems and Readings in Medieval History
Colloquium in Comparative History-Islamic Civilization (New Brunswick)
Member of the Institute For Advanced Study (Princeton), 2005-2006.
National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship, 2001.
Rutgers University Board of Trustees Award for Excellence in Research, 1994.
Honorary Member, Türk Dil Kurumu (Turkish Language Society), elected 1989.
Studies on the Peoples and Cultures of the Eurasian Steppes (Romanian Academy, Institute of Archaeology of Iaşi, Editura Academiei Române -Editura Istros, 2011).
Central Asia (New York-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011).
Nomads and Their Neighbours in the Russian Steppe. Turks, Khazars and Qipchaqs in Variorum Collected Studies Series (Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate Publishing, 2003).
Türk Halklari Tarihine Giris, (Turk. Trans.by O. Karatay (Ankara: KaraM, 2002), a Turkish translation of my An Introduction to the History of the Turkic Peoples (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1992).
The King's Dictionary. The Rasûlid Hexaglot: Fourteenth Century Vocabularies in Arabic, Persian, Turkic, Greek, Armenian and Mongolian, edited with an Introduction and Commentary by Peter B. Golden, translated by T. Halasi-Kun, P.B. Golden, L. Ligeti, Ö. Schütz,with essays by P.B. Golden and Th. T. Allsen (Leiden: Brill, 2000).