Ecology and Evolution, B.A.

The BA degree in Biology, with a concentration in Ecology and Evolution, is offered as a joint program between Rutgers University and the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) through their Federated Department of Biological Sciences. The BA major requires 38 credits of coursework in biological sciences, plus cognate courses in chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Courses are offered on both the Rutgers and NJIT campuses.

Rutgers students can officially declare their intention to pursue a course of study leading to a BA degree in Biology: Ecology and Evolution after completing 8 credits: 120:200 Concepts in Biology and one of the two Foundations course pairs:  120:201 and 120:202 Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology lecture and laboratory or 120:205 and 120:206 Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution lecture and laboratory.

To declare their major and their preference for the bachelor of arts curriculum, students must visit the Biological Sciences Office in Boyden Hall 206 to submit an application for admission to the major. At this time the student’s record will be reviewed and, if accepted into the major, an academic major advisor will be assigned. Students should meet with their advisor regularly, at least once a semester, to plan their course of study.

Among the courses successfully completed for the BA degree, one of those courses must be recognized as Writing Intensive (WI). Students should check the WI status of courses before registering, as the roster of WI courses may vary from semester to semester.

All cognate courses must be completed with grades of C or better.


1. CORE COURSES (12 credits)

21:120:200 Concepts in Biology (4)

21:120:201 Foundations of Biology: Cell and Molecular Biology (3)

21:120:202 Foundations of Biology: Cell Mol Biol Laboratory (1)

21 (or 28):120:205 Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution (3)

21 (or 28):120:206 Foundations of Biology: Ecology and Evolution Laboratory (1)



Students must complete one course from each of the three clusters listed below.

A) Ecological and Evolutionary Framework

28:120:222 Evolution (3)

21:120:280 Ecology (3)


B) The Functional Organism

21:120:211 Plant Kingdom (4)


C) Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms

21:120:352 Genetics (3)

21:120:356 Molecular Biology (3)



Minimally, majors must complete 1 lab course and 1 field course. The course used for requirement 2B above cannot be used again here.

A. Laboratory Courses

21:120:311  Flora of New Jersey (3)

21:120:330 Plant Physiology (4)

21:120:335 General Microbiology (4)

21:120:342 Developmental Biology (3) and 21:120:343 Developmental Biology Lab (1)

21:120:452 Lab in Molecular Biotechniques (4)

B. Field Courses

21:120:430 Plant Growth and Development (4)

28:120:475 Ecological Field Methods (3)





This is not an additional requirement, but rather a list of elective courses that can be used to complete the 38 course credits needed for the biology major.

28:120:225 Insects and Human Society (3)

21:120:282 Animal Behavior (3)

21:120:285 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)

21:120:328 Ecology of Birds (3)

28:120:337 Collective Intelligence in Biological Systems (3)

28:120:338 Ecology of the Dining Hall (3)

21:120:365 Evolution of Humans (3)

28:120:368 Ecology and Evolution of Disease (3)

21:120:370 Plant Ecology (3)

NJIT MATH372 Population Biology

28:120:375 Conservation Biology  (3)

21:120:381 Ecological History of North America (3)

21:120:422 Biological Invasions (3)

21:120:431 Modern Plant Biology (3)

21:120:491 Problems in Biology (1-3)

21:120:493 Seminar in Biology (1)

21:120:492 Problems in Biology (1-3)

21:120:494 Seminar in Biology (1)



These courses do not count toward the 38 credits in Biology, but are prerequisites for several Biology courses and are all required for the Biology degree.

21:160:115, General Chemistry (4)

21:160:116, General Chemistry (4)

21:160:113, General Chemistry Lab (1)

21:160:114, General Chemistry Lab (1)

21:160:335, Organic Chemistry I (4)

21:160:336, Organic Chemistry II (4)

21:160:331, Organic Chemistry Lab (2)

21:750:203, General Physics I (4)

21:750:204, General Physics II (4)

21:750:205, Intro Physics Lab I (1)

21:750:206, Intro Physics Lab II (1)

21:640:135, Calculus I (4)