Yuan Gao

Yuan Gao


yuangaoh [at] newark.rutgers.edu



Office Location

101 Warren Street,
Smith Hall Room 136
Newark, New Jersey, 07102

Field Specialization:  Atmospheric Chemistry

Dr. Gao’s research interests are in the fields of atmospheric chemistry, air-sea chemical exchange and air pollution. The goals of her research are to understand the processes affecting the atmospheric composition and its impact on the ocean biogeochemical cycles and the quality of human environment. Her research has spanned many regions, from the Asian coast to the US East Coast, and from the Arctic Ocean to the Southern Ocean. Dr. Gao applies integrated approaches that combine field measurements, laboratory experiments and numerical modeling to characterize the properties of atmospheric substances and better understand the land-atmosphere-ocean interactions. Her current research projects focus on the near and far, from how urban air quality impacts human health around the metropolitan area (New York City-Newark in New Jersey) to studying the atmospheric dust and iron deposition to the Arctic Ocean, Southern Ocean and Antarctica.


Courses Taught

Research Initiatives

High-Latitude Atmosphere-Ocean Chemical Exchange (sponsored by the National Science Foundation);

Rutgers Newark Urban Air Quality Observatory Initiative (sponsored by Rutgers Newark Chancellor's Seed Grant).


PhD, Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 1994

MS, Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 1990

(Graduate advisor: Professor Robert A. Duce)

BS, Chemistry, Nankai University, 1981


(Selected; *denotes graduate students and postdocs for whom YG served as primary advisor):

Mukherjee*, P., M. Glamocliga, and Y. Gao, Insignificant Impact of Freezing and Compaction on Iron Solubility in Natural Snow, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 1-24, doi:10.1007/s10874-018-9375-2, 2018.

Xu*, G., and Y. Gao, Characterization of Atmospheric Iron Speciation and Acid Processing at Metropolitan Newark on the US East Coast, Atmosphere, 8(4), 66, doi:10.3390/atmos8040066, 2017.

Zhan*, J.,  Y. Gao, W. Li, L. Chen, H. Lin, and Q. Lin, Characteristic of major ionic species and carbonaceous components in the aerosols at Ny-Ålesund in the summer Arctic, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 8(2), 383-393, 2017.

Roberts-Semple*, D. and Y. Gao, Pollution- and climate-induced respiratory health effects: Do national standards adequately provide a safe threshold for NOx and O3 in urban New Jersey? Athens Journal of Sciences, 4(4), 301-322, 2017.

Gao, Y., P. Mukherjee, and R. Jusino-Atresino, The air-coastal sea chemical exchange: A case study on the New Jersey coast, Aquatic Geochemistry, 1-15, DOI: 10.1007/s10498-015-9285-8, 2016.

Mukherjee*, P. and Y. Gao, Efficiency of Organic Ligands in Adsorptive Dissolution and Photo Reductive Dissolution of Hematite, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(5), DOI 10.1007/s13762-016-0975-6, 1195-1206, 2016.

Jusino-Atresino*, R., J. Anderson and Y. Gao, Ionic and Elemental Composition of PM2.5 Aerosols over the Caribbean Sea in the Tropical Atlantic, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, DOI 10.1007/s10874-016-9337-5, 2016.

Cheung, W, M. Patel, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, J. Lockard, Y. Gao, H. He, p-Plasmon of carbon nanotubes for selective and sensitive detection of Fe3+ ions, Chemical Science, DOI: 10.1039/c6sc00006a, 2016.

Xu*, G. and Y. Gao, Characterization of marine aerosol and precipitation through shipboard observations on the transect between 31°N-32°S in the west Pacific, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 6, 154-161, 2015.

Xu*, G. and Y. Gao, Atmospheric trace elements in aerosols observed over the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica, Polar Research, 33, 23973, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.23973, 2014.

Zhan*, J., Y. Gao,  W. Li, L. Chen, H. Lin, and Q. Lin, Effects of ship emissions on summertime aerosols at Ny-Ålesund in the Arctic, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 5, 500-510, 2014.

Zhan*, J., and Y. Gao, Impact of summertime anthropogenic emissions on atmospheric black carbon at Ny-A°lesund in the Arctic, Polar Research, 33, 21821, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.21821, 2014.

Gao, Y., G. Xu, J. Zhan, J. Zhang, W. Li, Q. Lin, L. Chen, and H. Lin, Spatial and particle-size distributions of atmospheric dissolved iron in aerosols and its input to the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118, 12,634-12,648, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD020367, 2013.

Xu*, G., Y. Gao, Q. Lin, W. Li, and L. Chen, Characteristics of water-soluble inorganic and organic ions in aerosols over the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica during austral summer, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118, 13,303-13,318, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD019496, 2013.

Roberts-Semple*, D., and Y. Gao, Evaluation of air pollution, local meteorology and urban public health, International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management,  16(1/2), 160–177, DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2013.050656, 2013.

Morton, P., W. Landing, A. Milne, A. Aguilar-Islas, A. Baker, M. Baskaran, C. Buck, Y. Gao, S. Gichuki, M. Hastings, M. Hatta, S. Hsu, A. Johansen, R. Losno, C. Mead, Methods for the sampling and analysis of marine aerosols: results from the 2008 GEOTRACES aerosol intercalibration experiment, Limnology & Oceanography, 11, 62-78, 2013.

Chen, L., J. Wang, Y. Gao, G. Xu, X. Yang, Q. Lin, Y. Zhang, Latitudinal distributions of atmospheric MSA and MSA/nss-SO42- ratios in summer over the high latitude regions of the southern and northern hemispheres, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10306, 10pp, doi:10.1029/2011JD016559, 2012.

Roberts-Semple*, D., F. Song, and Y. Gao, Seasonal characteristics of ambient nitrogen oxides and ground-level ozone in metropolitan northeastern New Jersey, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 3(2), 247-257, doi: 10.5094/APR.2012.027, 2012.

Song*, F., and Y. Gao, Size distributions of trace elements associated with ambient particular matter in the affinity of a major highway in the New Jersey-New York metropolitan area, Atmospheric Environment, 45, 6714-6723, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.08.031, 2011.

Song*, F., J. Y. Shin, R. Jusino-Atresino, and Y. Gao, Relationships among the Springtime Ground-level NOx, O3 and NO3 in the Vicinity of Highways in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 2, 374-383, doi:10.5094/APR.2011.042, 2011.

Elzinga, E.J., Y. Gao, J.P. Fitts, R. Tappero,, Iron speciation in urban dust, Atmospheric Environment, 45, 4528-4532, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.05.042, 2011.

Luo, C., and Y. Gao, Aeolian Iron Mobilization by Dust-Acids Interactions and Its Implication for Soluble Iron Deposition to the Ocean: A Test Involving Potential Anthropogenic Organic Acidic Specie, Environmental Chemistry, 7, 153-161, 2010.

Song*, F., and Y. Gao, Chemical characteristic of precipitation at metropolitan Newark in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4903-4913, 2009.

Zhao*, Y, and Y. Gao, Mass size distributions of water-soluble inorganic and organic ions in size segregated aerosols over metropolitan Newark in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 4063-4078, 2008.

Zhao*, Y., and Y. Gao, Acidic species and chloride depletion in coarse aerosol particles in the US east coast, Science of the Total Environment, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.002, 407(1), 541-547, 2008.

Xu*, N, and Y. Gao, Characterization of hematite dissolution affected by oxalate coating, kinetics and pH, Applied Geochemistry, 23, 783–793, 2008.

Berman-Frank, I, Y.-B. Chen, Y. Gao, K. Fennel, M. Follows, A. Milligan and P. Falkowski, Feedbacks between the nitrogen, carbon, and oxygen cycles. In Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, D.G. Capone, D.A. Bronk, M.R. Mulholland and E.J. Carpenter (eds), Elsevier, Inc., doi: 10.106/B978-0-12-372522-6.00035-9, 1537-1563, 2008.

Ayars*, J., and Y. Gao, Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Mullica River-Great Bay Ecosystem, Marine Environmental Research, 64, 590-600, 2007.

Yang*, H., and Y. Gao, Air-to-sea flux of soluble iron: Is it driven more by HNO3 or SO2? - An examination in the light of dust aging, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 7, 10043-10063, 2007.

Gao, Y., J.R. Anderson, and X. Hua, Dust characteristics over the North Pacific observed through shipboard measurements during the ACE-Asia Experiment, Atmospheric Environment, 41 (36), 7907-7922, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.06.060, 2007.

Gao, Y., M. Kennish, and A.M. Flynn, Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen to New Jersey coastal waters and its implications for nutrient enrichment and biotic impacts, Journal of the Ecological Society of America, S31-S41, 2007.

Gao, Y., S-M Fan, and J. L. Sarmiento, Aeolian iron input to the ocean through precipitation scavenging: A modeling perspective and its implication for natural iron fertilization in the ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, D7, 4221, doi:10.1029/2002JD002420, 2003.

Gao, Y., Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to Barnegat Bay, Atmospheric Environment, 36 (38), 5783-5794, 2002.

Gao, Y., E. Nelson, M.P. Field, Q. Ding et al., Characterization of atmospheric trace elements in PM2.5 particulate matter over the New York-New Jersey harbor estuary, Atmospheric Environment, 36 (6), 1077-1086, 2002.

Gao, Y., Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, D. Kolber, and P. G. Falkowski, Seasonal distributions of aeolian iron fluxes to the global ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (1), 29-32, 2001.

Gao, Y., and J. Anderson, Characteristics of Chinese aerosols determined by individual-particle analyses, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 18,037-18045, 2001.

Sherrell, R. M., M. P. Field, and Y. Gao, Temporal variability of suspended mass and composition in the northeast Pacific water column: relationships to sinking flux and lateral advection, Deep-Sea Research, 733-761, 1998.

Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, M. Y. Zhou, L. Q. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, G. Y. Zhang, and Z. S. An, Temporal and spatial distribution of dust and its total deposition to the China Sea, Tellus, 49B, 172-189, 1997.

Arimoto, R., Y. Gao, M. Zhou, D. S. Lee, L. Chen, D. Gu, Z. Wang, Atmospheric deposition of trace elements to the western Pacific Basin, in: Atmospheric Deposition of Contaminants to the Great Lakes and Coastal Waters, edited by J. E. Baker, SETAC Press, Pensacola, FL, pp. 209-225, 1997.

Gao, Y, R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, L. Q. Chen, M. Y. Zhou, and D. Y. Gu, Atmospheric non-sea-salt sulfate, nitrate, and Methanesulfonate over the China Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 12,601-12,611, 1996.

Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, D. S. Lee, and M. Y. Zhou, Input of atmospheric trace elements and mineral matter to the Yellow Sea during the spring of a low dust year, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 3767-3777, 1992.

Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, M. T. Zhou, J. T. Merrill, and R. A. Duce, Relationships between the dust concentrations over eastern Asia and the remote North Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 9867-9872, 1992.

Associated Programs

Institute of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Rutgers University at New Brunswick (https://eoas.rutgers.edu/)